comparing mitosis and meiosis
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-Life Science

Comparing Mitosis and Meiosis

MITOSIS

  • Results in 2 daughter cells
  • Daughter cells are genetically identical to each other and the parent cell
  • Results in diploid cells (cells with a full set of DNA)
  • Cell divides once
  • Includes phases prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
  • Creates somatic (body) cells.
  • No recombination (crossing over) occurs during prophase
  • Sister chromatids separate in anaphase

meiosis

  • Results in 4 daughter cells
  • Daughter cells are genetically unique. They are different from one another and the parent cell.
  • Results in haploid cells (cells with only a half set of DNA)
  • Cell divides twice
  • Includes phases prophase 1, metaphase 1, anaphase 1, telophase 1, prophase 2, metaphase 2, anaphase 2, telophase 2.
  • Creates gametes (sex cells)
  • Crossing over occurs in prophase
  • Sister chromatids do not separate until anaphase 2

Mitosis and Meiosis Similarities

  • Both begin with a diploid parent cell
  • Produce new cells
  • Involve cell division
  • Same basic steps (prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase)
  • Involves DNA replication

Mitosis vs. Meiosis Venn diagram

mitosis vs. meiosis venn diagram comparing mitosis and meiosis

Similarities and Differences between Mitosis and Meiosis 

Similarities:

  • Both begin with a diploid parent cell
  • Produce new cells
  • Involve cell division
  • Same basic steps (prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase)
  • Involves DNA replication

Differences:

  • Mitosis results in 2 daughter cells while meiosis results in 4
  • In mitosis, daughter cells are genetically identical to each other and the parent cell. In meiosis, the daughter cells are genetically unique from the parent cell and to one another.
  • Miosis results in diploid cells (cells with a full set of DNA), while meiosis results in haploid cells (cells with a half set of DNA)
  • In mitosis, cells divides once. In meiosis, the cell divides twice.
  • Mitosis includes phases prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase. Meiosis includes phases
  • prophase 1, metaphase 1, anaphase 1, telophase 1, prophase 2, metaphase 2, anaphase 2, telophase 2.
  • Mitosis creates somatic (body) cells. Meiosis creates gametes (sex cells).
  • In mitosis, no recombination (crossing over) occurs during prophase. It does occur in meiosis.
  • In mitosis , sister chromatids separate in anaphase. In meiosis, sister chromatids separate in anaphase 2.

Comparing Mitosis and Meiosis Worksheet

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