The following protein synthesis worksheets are intended for use with these NGSS standard:
HS-LS1- 1 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the structure of DNA determines the structure of proteins, which carry out the essential functions of life through systems of specialized cells.
I was once like you, searching all over the web for a decent protein synthesis worksheet! I eventually gave in and decided to create my own. I’d like to share those with you now.
First, I have a very basic protein synthesis practice. It can easily be copied front and back. It includes several challenges. Students begin with the DNA given, and they subsequently determine the mRNA, tRNA, and amino acids. As they move through the worksheet, though, students will be challenged to figure out the missing pieces when they begin with different parts of the problem.
Both of the following resources include a link to a Google Slides version of the file for easy use with Google Classroom.
One teacher said, “This is great! It is extremely clear and to the point!”
Basic Protein Synthesis Worksheet
Give your students more experience with transcription and translation with this challenge. Each set of questions starts students with a different step in the protein synthesis process, and students will show their understanding of these processes by finding the missing pieces in each situation.
Next, I also offer a more slow paced guided practice. This resource includes short paragraphs describing transcription and translation. It also walks students through the protein synthesis process in a step by step fashion. I usually start with this one in my class. I set timers and check each students’ work before we move on to the next step.
One teacher said, “My 7th grade students LOVED this activity. Great review of protein synthesis.”
Protein Synthesis Guided Practice
If your students need a little more guidance, try this guided practice.
Students will move through protein synthesis one step at a time covering first DNA to mRNA, then mRNA to tRNA. They will practice using the codon chart alone to decipher codons, and then finally students will put it all together to complete full diagrams.
Additional Protein Synthesis Resources
- Vocabulary Review Sheet
- Study Sheet
- Review Questions – multiple choice, matching, fill in the blank
- Worksheet with answers
- Book Pages with descriptions and images
- Taco Activity with answers
- Practice Test with answers
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